Potential Use of Less Oil & Fat with Hi-Gel™ Corn in Swine Diets
Corn is the most common cereal grain used to supply dietary energy to swine diets. This is due to the starch content in corn is approximately 60 to 65%, which gelatinizes when heat, moisture and pressure are applied to add feeding value. Gelatinization may be related to structural changes in the starch molecule improving the activity of digestive enzymes to break glycosidic linkages making the energy available.
Those changes are achieved when using the proper technology to process corn. When high-shear dry extrusion technology is applied to process corn, therefore adding nutritional value, it has been determined that Hi-Gel™ Corn has greater starch gelatinization compared to regular ground corn (25% gelatinization for ground corn compared to high-shear dry extrusion with 91% gelatinization). This provides more energy for nutritional needs and productive purposes as demonstrated previously in poultry and dairy.
The most recent feeding trial with swine was conducted at Iowa State University to evaluate the growth performance of nursery pigs fed a diet with ground corn plus 2-3% soy oil vs. a diet with Hi-Gel™ Corn plus 1.5% soy oil. There were no differences in growth performance in Phase 2 (8-21 days) or Phase 3 (22-42 days) when ground corn was substituted with Hi-Gel™ Corn. Piglet voluntary feed intake closely followed dietary levels of available energy. In addition, as dry extrusion increased the amount of available energy in diets with Hi-Gel™ Corn, it is important to point out that approximately 50% less oil was needed. Given the current increased prices of oils & fats sources this must be taken into consideration because it means potential feed savings mainly in large swine operations.
Hi-Gel™ is a high-quality energy source to adjust the energy concentration of nursery diets according to nutrient requirements by replacing conventional ground corn without affecting performance, while also providing potential feed savings by requiring less oils and fats to be added to a diet.