EU Chicken Success: What Are They Doing That You Should Do Part 2
Europe is the second-largest organic food market in the world, with retail sales worth over $40 billion each year. There are some 250,000 organic farms in Europe today.
A recent study of non-organic chicken products purchased from stores in five European countries found that 51% of samples were contaminated with bacteria resistant to one or more antibiotics.
As a result, German consumer organizations have urged consumers to purchase only organic chicken. Antibiotics are used in poultry farms to treat disease and to promote growth. Their use as growth promoters in animal feed was allowed in Europe until 2006. Since then, antibiotics should only be used for disease prevention or treatment. After 2022, the prophylactic (preventive) use of antibiotics will be banned. Organic eggs already have a high market share in some European countries, such as Denmark, France and Germany, where they account for 20-30 percent of the egg market.
Some 25 million broilers in Europe were certified organic in 2018. Despite growth of around 15% a year, the market share of organic chicken meat remains very modest (3-4%) in most EU countries. Europeans meanwhile consume 24 kg (53 lbs) of poultry meat per person per year, with 16 million tons of poultry meat produced each year (22 million tons in USA.) Where are the organic soybeans to feed the organic layers, broilers and pigs?
Europe, including Ukraine and the European part of Russia, will produce around 4.2 million tons of soybeans this year. While most of these soybeans are not genetically-modified, only a small proportion are organic. Europe imported 64,000 tons of organic soybeans in 2018 – from China, India, Ukraine, Turkey and Brazil.
Traditional oilseed processing uses hexane, a solvent, to remove the oil. The oil is then refined to remove the hexane and other undesirable components, and the protein meal is heated to remove hexane residue and deactivate anti-nutritional factors like trypsin inhibitor. The problem is that amino acids, the building blocks that make up protein, are sensitive to heat. The heating process, called desolventizing-toasting, takes around 30 minutes, during which time a portion of the amino acids are damaged and rendered indigestible.
The Insta-Pro process is different. No solvents, chemicals or steam are used. The process is called ‘short-time high-temperature cooking’ because the seeds only stay in the extruder for 15-20 seconds. They are cooked at high temperature under high pressure. Amino acids are hardly impacted – in nutrition jargon, they have higher digestibility than solvent-processed meal.
Chemicals, including solvents, cannot be used to process organic soybeans. The Insta-Pro process, which is 100% mechanical, is now widely used to process organic soybeans into organic protein meal and organic soybean oil.